A cesarean section or a c-section is a surgical delivery of a baby that involves an incision in the mother’s abdomen and the uterus. It is one of the most common procedures used to deliver babies worldwide. Though many women are opting for having a c-section as it cuts short on the labor time and also the pain. Doctors advise a cesarean section in case of any complications in the pregnancy prior to 39 weeks.
The reasons for conducting a c-section might vary from case to case. It can include if:
- Baby has developmental conditions
- Baby’s head is too big for the birth canal
- The baby is coming out feet first (breech birth)
- Early pregnancy complications
- Mother’s health problems, such as high blood pressure or unstable heart disease
- Mother has active genital herpes that could be transmitted to the baby
- Previous cesarean delivery
- Problems with the placenta, such as placental abruption or Placenta Previa
- Problems with the umbilical cord
- Reduced oxygen supply to the baby
- Stalled labor
- The baby is coming out shoulder first (transverse labor)
There can be a lot of risks involved in a c-section like :
- Blood clots
- Breathing problems for the child, especially if done before 39 weeks of pregnancy
- Increased risks for future pregnancies
- Longer recovery time compared with vaginal birth
- Surgical injury to other organs
- Adhesions, hernia, and other complications of abdominal surgery
- Injury to the child during surgery.
Due to all these complications, natural childbirth remains as the most preferred method for delivery. The increased rates of Caesarean deliveries have been linked with a variety of different factors from rising rates of obesity and diabetes to multiple births and increased maternal age. Though C-section can be life-saving for both the mother and the baby it should only be opted for in consultation with the doctor.