A C-section or a cesarean section is a commonly used term for delivery of a child surgically. It involves incisions in the abdomen and uterus of the mother. It can be planned well in advance if you want to have a baby via cesarean section. However, due to any unforeseen complications, a doctor can decide to conduct a C-section. Most C-sections occur when vaginal birth would present a risk of seriously harming the mother or child.
There can be many medical reasons for conducting a C-section, these are as follows:
- By maternal choice.
- Labor is not progressing.
- The mother has a contagious virus, such as herpes or HIV, that a vaginal birth would transmit to the infant.
- The mother has complicating conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure.
- The mother has a uterine condition or a fibroid obstructing the cervix.
- The placental or umbilical cord has anomalies.
- The mother has previously given birth via C-section.
- Multiple gestations, such as twins or triplets, have occurred.
- The fetus experiences an emergency or severe health concern.
- The fetus has hydrocephalus or excess fluid on the brain.
- The fetus is in the breech or transverse position.
- The baby is too large to travel through the cervix.
C-section is a proper surgical procedure that requires a longer healing process when compared with vaginal delivery. The procedure for a C-section involves receiving local anesthesia — either an epidural or a spinal block. This will numb you from the waist down, so you won’t feel any pain. The doctor makes an incision in your abdomen, then another one in your uterus. The doctor pulls the baby out and hands over the baby once the surgical procedure is over. Women who have undergone a C-section with previous babies may be candidates for vaginal birth after C-section (VBAC).
After a C-section, you’ll probably stay in the hospital for a few days. Once the effects of your anesthesia begin to fade, you’ll be encouraged to drink plenty of fluids and walk. This helps prevent constipation and deep vein thrombosis. You will be able to start breastfeeding as soon as you feel up to it.
During the C-section recovery process, discomfort and fatigue are common. You should rest as much as possible. Seek pain relief to soothe soreness. Avoid sex for at least 6 weeks after the C-section to avoid any infection. Proper care is mandatory after a C-section to ensure that you recover fully.
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