Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is a medical condition. Differences in brain development and brain activity affect attention, the ability to sit still and self-control. It can seriously affect the life of a child at home and school as they struggle to pay attention, listen, follow directions, sit still and many other activities.
Kids with ADHD display typical traits like:
- Hyperactivity which makes kids restless, fidgety and they are easily bored.
- Impulsive as they often interrupt, might push or grab, and find it hard to wait. They act quickly before thinking.
- Inattentive as they are distracted easily and find it difficult to focus and concentrate.
It is important to diagnose ADHD in a child. The child’s health, behavior, and activity are all monitored by the doctor. Upon proper analysis, a doctor suggests medication, therapy, parent coaching and support from the school to treat ADHD. If left untreated it can lead to conflict at home and school, oppositional behavior, failure, risk-taking behavior, low self-esteem and depression.
It requires skills to support children with ADHD. Here is a list of a few do’s and don’ts for parents:
- Be involved – Learn all you can about your child’s condition and ADHD.
- Focus on teaching your child one thing at a time. Start with small things and praise often.
- Discipline with purpose and warmth. Correcting their behavior is best done in a way that’s encouraging and supportive rather than punishing.
- Focus on teaching your child what to do than reacting to what not to do.
- Spend special time together every day as it gives full attention to your child.
- Medication – Keep medicines in a safe place. Give the recommended dosage only and that too on time.
- Work with your child’s school and teacher – Work in close association with your child’s teachers and school authorities. This would help to keep the child’s behavior in check and under control.
- Talk openly and supportively about ADHD with your child. Focus on your child’s strength and positive qualities.
- Join a support organization to gain awareness about treatments and other information about ADHD.
It can be frustrating and overwhelming for the child with ADHD but as a parent, you can control and reduce symptoms. Bringing in positivity and channelizing your child’s energy into positive areas will bring success and calmness into your life.