Stress, in everyday terms, is a feeling that people have when they are overloaded and struggling to cope with demands. Stress can be a motivator. It can be essential to survival. The “fight-or-flight” mechanism can tell us when and how to respond to danger. But the story’s different from long-term (chronic) stress. When you are under stress for days or even weeks or months you’re at risk for numerous health effects.
Let’s know about the effect of stress on health:
Hormonal response from the body: This response all starts with a part of your brain called the hypothalamus. When you’re stressed, the hypothalamus sends signals throughout your nervous system and to your kidneys. In turn, your kidneys release stress hormones. These include adrenaline and cortisol.
Effect on Heart: When you are stressed, your heart rate goes up and so your blood pressures to go high. Cortisol is released when you feel stressed, but the level of this hormone should go back down when the stressful event is over. But even short-term stress can have a profound impact on your heart if it’s bad enough.
Women appear more prone to stress than men: Women are more likely to experience more physical signs of stressed compared to their male counterparts. This doesn’t mean that men don’t experience stress. Instead, men are more likely to try to escape from the stress and not exhibit any signs.
Stress causes inflammation: Studies have shown that chronic stress is linked to increased inflammation in the body. “One of the proposed actions of stress is that it triggers inflammation in the body, which is thought to underlie many diseases, including diabetes, autoimmune disorders like multiple sclerosis, and even pain.
Being stressed can make you sweat: Stress-related sweat is usually a follow-up to excessive body heat from stress. You might sweat from your forehead, armpits, and groin area.
Mental health: Long-term stress can increase your risk of mental health disabilities. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, anxiety and depression are the most common.
Respiratory systems: Stress hormones affect your respiratory systems. During the stress response, you breathe faster in an effort to quickly distribute oxygen-rich blood to your body. If you already have a breathing problem like asthma or emphysema, stress can make it even harder to breathe.
Article by: Dr. Himani